Extreme case of null extension, suppression of sounds that are naturally expected in a scene.

Sound object

Sound constructed from one or more elements to create a full filmic impact.

Sound design

Overall sonic components and their conceptual arrangement as part of the film narrative.


Materialising sound indices: all little details in sound occurrence that will make the event appear more real in the cinematic world

Listening modes

Conscious act of focusing on sound. There are three types, semantic, causal and reduced.