Establishing sound

Sound that establishes, from the very beginning of a scene, the general character of the surrounding


  • Can provide a considerable amount of information: time, place, characters, etc…
  • It is actively linked with the soundscape
  • Can be backed up with visuals or not
  • Usually reduced in volume when theatrical speech is in use

Related induced effect: E.A.S.
Related inductor effect: Extension
Similar effect: Soundscape

(Altman, 1992)

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