Change in the relative degree of darkness and lightness, the amount of contrast and the degree of clarity in a visual image


  • Can be used as a visual introduction, fade in: transition from a uniform dark screen to a clearly perceptible image. Or as the opposite, fade out.
  • Generally used to mark the beginning and end of a major film segment
  • Sound usually follows the visual transition
  • Part of the continuity editing conventions; usually represents a passage of time in the film

Related effects: Dissolve
Related induced effect: Temporal and spatial order
Opposite effect: Cut

(bordwell, 2009)

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