Listening modes

Conscious act of focusing on sound, there are three types, semantic, causal and reduced.


Semantic: voice


  • Advances narrative, main sound focus
  • Can generate abstract experience when decentred

Related induced effect: Vocal effects


Causal: sound emitter


  • Strengthens spatial localisation for the audience
  • With rendered sound, the recording and displaying method can harden the spatial recognition of the audience

Related effects: Centaur sound effects; Linguistic sound effects; musical sound effects


Reduced: sound quality


  • Sole focus on sound for its quality
  • Does not carry anything else in the spectators’ mind’s ear

Related effects: Sound qualities

(Chion, 1999)

Comments are closed.