Materialising sound indices: all little details in sound occurrence that will make the event appear more real in the cinematic world (ex: grainy prosody of a smoker’s voice, etc…)

We can easily identify that the elephant man is offscreen from the combination of the opposite character glance and the man’s heavy breathing in Lynch’s “Elephant man”.



  • Potentially adds correct colouration to a spatially affected sound
  • Too much details can potentially draw the viewer’s attention away from the main point of focus
  • Can underline a narrative event and become referential

Related effects: Sound qualities

(Chion, 1994)

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