Visual shape that covers the screen disabling the sense of vision to the audience










Use of mattes in Ozu’s “Record of a tenement gentleman”


  • Extends the offscreen space in any case
  • Previous or consecutive sequence can greatly orientate the audience
  • Can potentially lead to a loss of intelligibility if the audio information is not sufficient to orientate the viewer
  • Can be considered and interpreted metaphorically

Related induced effect: Offscreen
Opposite effect: Split screen, divided screen, multi image shots

(bordwell, 2009)

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