Narration

Methods of narrative exposition, how time and space are dealt with in the larger film structure.
It incorporates continuous, simultaneous, parallel and involuted narration.

 

Continuous narration presents incidents in a chronological order

Characteristics:

  • Easiest to understand, prone to emphasise continuity editing methods of production

 

Simultaneous narration involves the presentation of two or more events occurring at the same time or at approximately the same time but in different places

Characteristics:

  • The exposition track is slightly more involved than the previous
  • Sound can play a major role in differentiating the situations especially drawing the spatial difference between the events
  • Tends towards the spatial

 

Parallel narration develops two or more events associated with different times

Characteristics:

  • Sound can play a major role in differentiating the situations especially drawing the temporal difference between the events
  • Tends towards the temporal

Involuted narration brings past and/or future into the filmic present and gives them a present force

Characteristics:

  • Persistence of past/future actions in the filmic present (cause effect relationship to a full extent)
  • Tends towards the spatio-temporal incorporating a causal aspect

Related induced effect: Editing; sound design

(Johnson, 1974)

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