Space implied by the physical limitation of the screen, the rest of the diegetic world.

It exists in 6 different zones:
1. Top edge of the screen
2. Bottom edge of the screen
3. Left edge of the screen
4. Right edge of the screen
5. Behind the set
6. Behind the camera


  • Create anticipation in the audience
  • Can easily become a confusing experience

Related effects: Framing
Related induced effect: Acousmatic; Acousmetre; Source disconnected sound
Opposite effect: Onscreen

(Burch, 1981)

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