On the air

Sound transmitted by Tvs, radios, etc in film space with no subject to the natural law of sound propagation. It sits right at the edge of the non diegetic zone.


  • Can help to understand a cinematic event in terms of its context
  • Does not provide any inherent spatial cues
  • Can be semantic as part of the narrative

Related induced effect: Rumble

(Chion, 1994)

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