Characteristic types of sound heard in a given environment at a given time (ex: contemporary western city centre, Middle Ages Paris, etc…) it can be further classified in Hi-fi and Lo-fi. The Hi-fi defines the high
signal to noise ratio environment such as rural towns in the early morning. The lo-fi defines the low signal to noise ratio as one might find in busy cities during peak hours.


  • Historical and rural places tend to be more Hi-fi
  • Contemporary and urban places tend to be more lo-fi
  • Helps the spatial and temporal identification greatly even with a minimal visual ground
  • Can also provide a considerable amount of information about the context of the story

Related effects: Semantic sound
Related induced effect: E.A.S.
Related inductor effect: Extension
Similar effect: Territory sounds

(Sonnenschein, 2001)

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